Least-squares migration (LSM) can be effective to mitigate the limitation of finite-seismic acquisition, balance the subsurface illumination, and improve the spatial resolution of the image, but it requires iterations of migration and demigration to obtain the desired subsurface reflectivity model. The computational efficiency and accuracy of migration and demigration operators are crucial for applying the algorithm. We have developed a test of the feasibility of using the Gaussian beam as the wavefield extrapolating operator for the LSM, denoted as least-squares Gaussian beam migration. Our method combines the advantages of the LSM and the efficiency of the Gaussian beam propagator. Our numerical evaluations, including two synthetic data sets and one marine field data set, illustrate that the proposed approach could be used to obtain amplitude-balanced images and to broaden the bandwidth of the migrated images in particular for the low-wavenumber components.

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