Random and coherent noise exists in microseismic and seismic data, and suppressing noise is a crucial step in seismic processing. We have developed a novel seismic denoising method, based on ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) combined with adaptive thresholding. A signal was decomposed into individual components called intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). Each decomposed signal was then compared with those IMFs resulting from a white-noise realization to determine if the original signal contained structural features or white noise only. A thresholding scheme then removed all nonstructured portions. Our scheme is very flexible, and it is applicable in a variety of domains or in a diverse set of data. For instance, it can serve as an alternative for random noise removal by band-pass filtering in the time domain or spatial prediction filtering in the frequency-offset domain to enhance the lateral coherence of seismic sections. We have determined its potential for microseismic and reflection seismic denoising by comparing its performance on synthetic and field data using a variety of methods including band-pass filtering, basis pursuit denoising, frequency-offset deconvolution, and frequency-offset empirical mode decomposition.

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