Time-lapse geophysics is becoming an increasingly important and powerful method to measure, monitor, verify, and predict complex time-varying processes in the earth. Applications include resource management (hydrocarbons, groundwater, geothermal…), geohazard risk assessment (natural and induced seismicity, overpressure zones…), environmental issues (CO2 sequestration, groundwater contamination and remediation…), geotechnical engineering (dams, roads, bridges…), and fundamental science questions (subsurface flow of fluids, stress and heat, time-variant rock properties, fault dynamics and fracturing, geophysical source mechanisms, near-surface variations in vadose and permafrost zones…).

Advances in time-lapse geophysics are being driven by spectacular innovations in theory, data acquisition, and quantitative data analysis....

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