ABSTRACT

Free-surface-related multiples are usually regarded as noise in conventional seismic processing. However, they can provide extra illumination of the subsurface and thus have been used in migration procedures, e.g., in one- and two-way wave-equation migrations. The disadvantage of the migration of multiples is the migration artifacts generated by the crosscorrelation of different seismic events, e.g., primaries and second-order free-surface-related multiples, so the effective elimination of migration artifacts is crucial for migration of multiples. The angle domain common image gather (ADCIG) is a suitable domain for testing the correctness of a migration velocity model. When the migration velocity model is correct, all the events in ADCIGs should be flat, and this provides a criterion for removing the migration artifacts. Our approach first obtains ADCIGs during reverse time migration and then applies a high-resolution parabolic Radon transform to all ADCIGs. By doing so, most migration artifacts will reside in the nonzero curvature regions in the Radon domain, and then a muting procedure can be implemented to remove the data components outside the vicinity of zero curvature. After the application of an adjoint Radon transform, the filtered ADCIGs are obtained and the final denoised migration result is generated by stacking all filtered ADCIGs. A three-flat-layer velocity model and the Marmousi synthetic data set are used for numerical experiments. The numerical results revealed that the proposed approach can eliminate most artifacts generated by migration of multiples when the migration velocity model is correct.

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