Migration of primary and multiple reflections leads to enhanced subsurface illumination and to increased image resolution. A joint migration approach using the complete wavefield requires properly imaged primaries and multiples of all orders. In recent works, primaries and multiples have therefore been imaged separately, using the upgoing and downgoing pressure wavefields obtained by decomposing dual-sensor streamer data. The matches between the corresponding depth images are still not found to be sufficiently accurate, so new and more appropriate imaging conditions need to be found. We reviewed the classical imaging approach used in one-way wave-equation migration, with the aim of extending it for simultaneous migration of primaries and all orders of multiples. Based on Rayleigh’s reciprocity theorem and well-known theoretical developments, we derived a new imaging condition described in terms of the upgoing pressure wavefield and a filtered version of the downgoing vertical-velocity wavefield. To evaluate the efficiency of this new imaging approach, primaries and multiples were separately migrated using synthetic and real data examples. These results were compared to those obtained using a conventional imaging condition. We found that the use of the new imaging condition led to a better match between the depth images and spectra of the migrated primaries and migrated multiples.

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