ABSTRACT

Spectral-induced polarization (SIP) is widely used for environmental and engineering geophysical prospecting and hydrogeophysics, but one major limitation concerns the electromagnetic (EM) coupling effect. The phase angles related to EM coupling may increase even at frequencies as low as 1 Hz, depending on the ground resistivity, the array type, and the geometry. Most efforts to understand and quantify the EM coupling problem (e.g., theory and computer codes) have been developed for dipole-dipole arrays. However, we used a Schlumberger array to acquire SIP data. We found that with this array, the use of an appropriate cable arrangement during data acquisition can reduce EM coupling effects in the same proportion as for the use of a dipole-dipole array, which is the pure response of the studied earth. To measure the influence of the cable layout, four cable configurations with the same electrode spacing were compared for modeling and experimental data. We discovered that the classical DC inline array was the worst one. As soon as the cables were arranged in another shape (triangle or rectangle), the coupling effect decreased significantly. The best configuration we checked was the rectangular one with an acquisition unit located at a lateral offset of 100 m from the electrode line, even if there was still some difference between the modeled and measured data.

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