ABSTRACT

Gravity gradiometry allows individual components and combinations of components to be used in interpretation. Knowledge of the information content of different components and their combinations is therefore crucial to their effectiveness, and a quantitative rating of information level is needed to guide the choice. To this end, I use linear inverse theory to examine the relationship between the different tensor components and combinations thereof and the model parameters to be determined. The model used is a rectangular prism, characterized by seven parameters: the prism location xc, yc; its width w and breadth b; the density ρ; the depth to top z; and thickness t. Varying these values allows a variety of body shapes, e.g., blocks, plates, dykes, and rods, to be considered. The Jacobian matrix, which relates parameters and their associated gravity response, clarifies the importance and stability of model parameters in the presence of data errors. In general, for single tensor components and combinations, the progression from well to poorly determined parameters follows the trend of ρ, xc, yc, w, b, z, to t. Ranking the estimated model errors from a range of models showed that data sets consisting of concatenated components produced the smallest parameter errors. For data sets comprising combined tensor components, the invariants of the tensor produced the smallest parameter errors. Of the single tensor components, Tzz gave the best performance overall, but those single components with strong directional sensitivity can produce some individual parameters with smaller estimated errors (e.g., w and xc estimated from Txx).

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