ABSTRACT

We investigated the use of seismic sensors as small seismic sources. A voltage signal is applied to a geophone that forces the mass within the geophone to move. The movement of the mass generates a seismic wavefield that was recorded with an array of geophones operating in the conventional sense. We observed higher-frequency (25 Hz and above) surface and body waves propagating from the geophone source at offsets of 10 s of meters. We further found that the surface waves emitted from geophone sources can be used to generate a surface-wave group velocity map. We discuss potential developments and future applications.

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