ABSTRACT

Common-reflection angle migration can produce migrated gathers either in the scattering-angle domain or in the dip-angle domain. The latter reveals a clear distinction between reflection and diffraction events. We derived analytical expressions for events in the dip-angle domain and found that the shape difference can be used for reflection/diffraction separation. We defined reflection and diffraction models in the Radon space. The Radon transform allowed us to isolate diffractions from reflections and noise. The separation procedure can be performed after either time migration or depth migration. Synthetic and real data examples confirmed the validity of this technique.

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