ABSTRACT

Surface-wave analysis is based on the estimation of surface-wave dispersion curves, which are then inverted to provide 1D S-wave velocity profiles. Surface-wave dispersion curves can be extracted from P-wave records obtained in seismic exploration and used to characterize the ground structure at a shallow depth. Dispersion curve estimation using 2D wavefield transforms is well-established for 2D acquisition schemes (in-line source and receiver spread). It is possible to extract surface-wave dispersion curves using 2D wavefield transforms from 3D seismic data acquired with any acquisition scheme. In particular, we focus on areal geometry and orthogonal geometry, and we provide a method based on the analysis in the offset domain and the f-k multiple signal classification (MUSIC) transform. We assess the performance of the method on synthetic and field data concerning 1D sites.

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