ABSTRACT

We demonstrated a simple methodology for the reinterpretation of sets of electrical vertical soundings and the production of 2D resistivity models. The method is applied to the northern central part of the subsiding Saïss basin (Morocco) where a series of vertical electrical soundings (VES) were acquired in 1982 and 1984, using the Schlumberger array with current electrodes semispacings between 3 and 3000 m. We describe a methodology used to estimate and sample apparent resistivities collected from traditional single soundings acquired by using a Schlumberger configuration. We then construct a resistivity pseudosection in a format compatible with a Wenner-Schlumberger array to perform 2D electrical tomography. The methodology takes into account the lateral and vertical spatial correlations shown by the apparent resistivities. The tomographic inversions are performed using a commercial inversion software commonly used in industry. Geostatistical tools are used to quantify the spatial correlation between apparent resistivity data. The result is a series of estimated pseudosections that are inverted to produce 2D resistivity models of the basin along geophysical profiles. We focus our attention on one of these profiles (i.e., one 2D resistivity model). The inverted geoelectrical model allows us to propose a geologic model of the basin. Our methodology allows historical and current data carried out using the Schlumberger configuration, to be rapidly reinterpreted in countries where only low-cost methods, such as VES soundings, can be used due to technology and economic constraints. It can also be applied to cases where continuous or pulled-array continuous vertical soundings method, where a tail of electrodes is towed behind a small vehicle while continuously and simultaneously measuring several electrode configurations, is inoperative due to field conditions (survey length, deep layers, and local environmental conditions).

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