ABSTRACT

Time-reverse imaging is a wave propagation algorithm for locating sources. Signals recorded by synchronized receivers are reversed in time and propagated back to the source location by elastic wavefield extrapolation. Elastic wavefield extrapolation requires a P-wave as well as an S-wave velocity model. The velocity models available from standard reflection seismic methods are usually restricted to only P-waves. In this study, we use synthetically produced time signals to investigate the accuracy of seismic source localization by means of time-reverse imaging with the correct P-wave and a perturbed S-wave velocity model. The studies reveal that perturbed S-wave velocity models strongly influence the intensity and position of the focus. Imaging the results with the individual maximum energy density for both body wave types instead of mixed modes allows individual analysis of the two body waves. P-wave energy density images render stable focuses in case of a correct P-wave and incorrect S-wave velocity model. Thus, P-wave energy density seems to be a more suitable imaging condition in case of a high degree of uncertainty in the S-wave velocity model.

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