Abstract

Gas hydrate can be interpreted from seismic data through observation of bottom simulating reflector (BSR). It is a challenge to interpret gas hydrate without BSR. Three-dimensional qualitative and quantitative seismic interpretations were used to characterize gas hydrate distribution and concentration in the eastern Green Canyon area of the Gulf of Mexico, where BSR is absent. The combination of qualitative and quantitative interpretation reduces ambiguities in the estimation and identification of gas hydrate. Sandy deposition and faults are qualitatively interpreted from amplitude data. The 3D acoustic impedance volume was interpreted in terms of high P-impedance hydrate zones and low P-impedance free gas zones. Gas hydrate saturation derived from P-impedance is estimated by a rock physics transform. We interpreted gas hydrate in the sand-prone sediments with a maximum saturation of approximately 50% of the pore space. Sheet-like and some bright spot gas hydrate accumulations are interpreted. The interpretation of sheet-like gas hydrate within sand-prone sediments around faults suggests that fluid moves into the sand zones laterally by conduits. Variations in depths of interpreted gas hydrate zones imply nonequilibrium conditions. Low P-impedance free gas zones within high P-impedance gas hydrate zones imply possible coexistence of hydrate and free gas within the hydrate stability zone. We propose that gas hydrate distribution and concentration are associated with structures, buried sedimentary bodies, sources of gas, and fluid flux.

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