Abstract

We have found a fast and efficient method for the interpolation of nonstationary seismic data. The method uses the fast generalized Fourier transform (FGFT) to identify the space-wavenumber evolution of nonstationary spatial signals at each temporal frequency. The nonredundant nature of FGFT renders a big computational advantage to this interpolation method. A least-squares fitting scheme is used next to retrieve the optimal FGFT coefficients representative of the ideal interpolated data. For randomly sampled data on a regular grid, we seek a sparse representation of FGFT coefficients to retrieve the missing samples. In addition, to interpolate the regularly sampled seismic data at a given frequency, we use a mask function derived from the FGFT coefficients of the low frequencies. Synthetic and real data examples can be used to examine the performance of the method.

You do not currently have access to this article.