Abstract

Deconvolution imaging conditions offer improved resolution over standard, crosscorrelation-based imaging conditions. Additionally, these imaging conditions produce a result more directly related to a reflection coefficient than do crosscorrelation-based imaging conditions. In simple analytical cases, deconvolution imaging conditions also offer the possibility of eliminating crosstalk (i.e., energy in the image due to reflected energy arriving at a location at the same time as incident energy that did not cause the reflected energy) when the full up- and down-going wavefields are used. This means that in such cases, surface-related multiples can be eliminated from the image, or that multiple shots could potentially be fired simultaneously without degrading the image. However, this cross-talk-suppression property is not observed in most situations. We show that this is due to a number of issues: the correct order of deconvolution must be used, stabilization causes imperfect deconvolution, finite apertures lead to some of the signal being lost, and an assumption of horizontal stratification is often not being met. Further, imperfect knowledge of the incident and reflected field due to such factors as anisotropy, poorly estimated velocity fields, and measurement noise can also lead to imperfect deconvolution. Thus, deconvolution imaging conditions should not be counted on to completely eliminate crosstalk from images.

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