Split-step Fourier and generalized-screen migration methods are approximations with separation of variables to the one-way wave operator, in which the separation of space and wavenumber variables makes it possible to use the discrete fast Fourier transform to achieve computational efficiency. Both methods require the selection of reference velocities. Different choices of reference velocities lead to different velocity perturbations, and the smaller the velocity perturbations, the better the final image quality. The benefits of selecting a more representative reference velocity for the split-step Fourier method can be extended to the generalized-screen method by removing the limitation on the reference velocity for the generalized-screen method. Numerical experiments on the Marmousi model demonstrate the improvement of imaging by using an average velocity instead of the minimum velocity as the reference velocity for the generalized-screen method.

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