Abstract

The moveout approximations can be used in kinematic modeling, velocity analysis, and time migration. The generalized moveout approximation involves five approximation parameters and has several known approximations as special cases. A method is demonstrated for determining parameters of the generalized nonhyperbolic moveout approximation for qP- and qSV-waves in a homogeneous transversely isotropic medium with vertical symmetry axis (VTI medium). The additional parameters for the generalized approximation are computed from the hyperbolic asymptote at infinite offset. Comparison with a few well-known moveout approximations for higher-order terms in the Taylor series and asymptotic behavior shows that the generalized moveout approximation is superior to other nonhyperbolic approximations. A few numerical examples for qP- and qSV-waves in a VTI medium also indicate that the generalized approximation performs the best.

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