Abstract

One-way wavefield extrapolation methods are used routinely in 3D depth migration algorithms for seismic data. Due to their efficient computer implementations, such one-way methods have become increasingly popular and a wide variety of methods have been introduced. In salt provinces, the migration algorithms must be able to handle large velocity contrasts because the velocities in salt are generally much higher than in the surrounding sediments. This can be a challenge for one-way wavefield extrapolation methods. We present a depth migration method using one-way propagators within lateral windows for handling the large velocity contrasts associated with salt-sediment interfaces. Using adaptive windowing, we can handle large perturbations locally in a similar manner as the beamlet propagator, thus limiting the impact of the errors on the global wavefield. We demonstrate the performance of our method by applying it to synthetic data from the 2D SEG/EAGE A-A salt model and an offshore real data example.

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