Abstract

In addition to reliability and stability, the efficiency and expediency of inversion methods have long been a strong concern for their routine applications by well-log interpreters. We have developed and successfully validated a new inversion method to estimate 2D parametric spatial distributions of electrical resistivity from array-induction measurements acquired in a vertical well. The central component of the method is an efficient approximation to Fréchet derivatives where both the incident and adjoint fields are precomputed and kept unchanged during inversion. To further enhance the overall efficiency of the inversion, we combined the new approximation with both the improved numerical mode-matching method and domain decomposition. Examples of application with synthetic data sets show that the new methodis computer efficient and capable of retrieving original model re-sistivities even in the presence of noise, performing equally well in both high and low contrasts of formation resistivity. In thin resistive beds, the new inversion method estimates more accurate resistivities than standard commercial deconvolution software. We also considered examples of application with field data sets that confirm the new method can successfully process a large data set that includes 200 beds in approximately 40minutes of CPU time on a desktop computer. In addition to 2D parametric spatial distributions of electrical resistivity, the new inversion method provides a qualitative indicator of the uncertainty of estimated parameters based on the estimator's covariance matrix. The uncertainty estimator provides a qualitative measure of the nonuniqueness of estimated resistivity parameters when the data misfit lies within the measurement error (noise).

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