Abstract

An electromagnetic (EM) or seismic wave can induce seismic or EM waves because of the electrokinetic conversion based on the electric double layer in a fluid-saturated porous medium. We tested a new method for observing electroseismic and seismoelectric conversions in rock samples. Our method is designed to overcome the shortcoming of previous attempts to separate signals generated by a continuous electric or seismic source in a small container. We first observed acoustic fields around electrodes excited by an electric pulse in a water tank or in a water-saturated porous sample. In our approach, we immersed rock samples in a water tank and measure the seismic or electric responses using electric or acoustic pulses conveyed through the immersed electrodes or hydrophone. We measured electroseismic- and seismoelectric-frequency responses in Berea Sandstone and Westerly Granite samples at a frequency range of 15150kHz. The measurements clearly separate the effects of the electric source, background noises, and signals. We calculate the normalized electroseismic and seismoelectric coupling coefficients for rock samples and confirm our results by comparing them with those theoretically simulated in a closed-capillary model. The variation of normalized coupling coefficients in the frequency domain is similar to that in theoretical predictions. Our measurement method can be used to investigate electroseismic and seismoelectric properties for petroleum exploration applications.

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