Abstract

We have extended a new highly accurate numerical scheme for unstructured 2D and 3D meshes based on the discontinuous Galerkin approach to simulate seismic wave propagation in heterogeneous media containing fluid-solid interfaces. Because of the formulation of the wave equations as a unified first-order hyperbolic system in velocity stress, the fluid can be in movement along the interface. The governing equations within the moving fluid are derived from well-known first principles in fluid mechanics. The discontinuous Galerkin approach allows for jumps of the material parameters and the solution across element interfaces, which are handled by Riemann solvers or numerical fluxes. The use of Riemann solvers at the element interfaces makesthe treatment of the fluid particularly simple bysetting the shearmodulus in the fluid region to zero. No additional compatibility relations, such as vanishing shear stress or continuity of normal stresses, are necessary to couple the solid and fluid along an interface. The Riemann solver automatically recognizes the jump of the material coefficients at the interface and provides the correct numerical fluxes for fluid-solid contacts. Therefore, wave propagation in the entire computational domain containing heterogeneous media, namely moving fluids and elastic solids, can be described by a uniform set of acoustic and elastic wave equations. The accuracy of the proposed scheme is confirmed by comparing numerical results against analytic solutions. The potential of the new method was demonstrated in a 3D model problem typical for marine seismic exploration with a fluid-solid interface determined by a complicated bathymetry.

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