We present a new methodology, spatially constrained inversion (SCI), that produces quasi-3D conductivity modeling of electromagnetic (EM) data using a 1D forward solution. Spatial constraints are set between the model parameters of nearest neighboring soundings. Data sets, models, and spatial constraints are inverted as one system. The constraints are built using Delaunay triangulation, which ensures automatic adaptation to data density variations. Model parameter information migrates horizontally through spatial constraints, increasing the resolution of layers that would be poorly resolved locally. SCI produces laterally smooth results with sharp layer boundaries that respect the 3D geological variations of sedimentary settings. SCI also suppresses the elongated artifacts commonly seen in interpretation results of profile-oriented data sets. In this study, SCI is applied to airborne time-domain EM data, but it can also be implemented with other ground-based or airborne data types.

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