Marine controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) data are strongly affected by bathymetry because of the conductivity contrast between seawater and the crust below the seafloor. We simulate the marine CSEM response to 2D bathymetry using our new finite element (FE) code, and our numerical modeling shows that all electric and magnetic components are influenced by bathymery, but to different extents. Bathymetry effects depend upon transmission frequency, seabed conductivity, seawater depth, transmitter-receiver geometry, and roughness of the seafloor topography. Bathymetry effects clearly have to be take into account to avoid the misinterpretation of marine CSEM data sets.

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