Abstract

The common-focus-point technology (CFP) describes prestack migration by focusing in two steps: emission and detection. The output of the first focusing step represents a CFP gather. This gather defines a shot record that represents the subsurface response resulting from a focused source wavefield. We propose applying the recursive shot-record, depth-migration algorithm to the CFP gathers of a seismic data volume and refer to this process as CFP-gather migration. In the situation of complex geology and/or low signal-to-noise ratio, CFP-based image gathers are easier to interpret for nonalignment than the conventional image gathers. This makes the CFP-based image gathers better suited for velocity analysis. This important property is illustrated by examples on the Marmousi model.

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