A rigorous full-waveform inversion of seismic data has been a challenging subject, partly because of the lack of precise knowledge of the source. Since currently available approaches involve some form of approximations to the source, inversion results are subject to the quality and choice of the source information used. We propose a new full-waveform inversion methodology that does not involve source spectrum information. Thus, potential inversion errors from source estimation can be eliminated. A gather of seismic traces is first Fourier transformed into the frequency domain, and a normalized wavefield is obtained for each trace in the frequency domain. Normalization is done with respect to the frequency response of a reference trace selected from the gather, so the complex-valued normalized wavefield is dimensionless. The source spectrum is eliminated during the normalization procedure. With its source spectrum eliminated, the normalized wavefield lets us construct an inversion algorithm without the source information. The inversion algorithm minimizes misfits between a measured normalized wavefield and a numerically computed normalized wavefield. The proposed approach has been demonstrated successfully using a simple 2D scalar problem.

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