Accurate amplitudes and correct traveltimes are critical factors that govern the quality of prestack migration images. Because we never know the correct velocity initially, recomputing traveltimes and amplitudes of updated velocity models can dominate the iterative prestack migration procedure. Most tomographic velocity updating techniques require the calculation of the change of traveltime due to local changes in velocity. For such locally updated velocity models, perturbation techniques can be a significantly more economic way of calculating traveltimes and amplitudes than recalculating the entire solutions from scratch.
In this paper, we implement an iterative Born perturbation theory applied to the damped wave equation algorithm. Our iterative Born perturbation algorithm yields stable solutions for models having velocity contrasts of 30% about the initial velocity estimate, which is significantly more economic than recalculating the entire solution.