Abstract

Traveltimes of direct arrivals are obtained by solving the eikonal equation using finite differences. A uniform square grid represents both the velocity model and the traveltime table. Wavefront discontinuities across a velocity interface at postcritical incidence and some insights in direct-arrival ray tracing are incorporated into the traveltime computation so that the procedure is stable at precritical, critical, and postcritical incidence angles. The traveltimes can be used in Kirchhoff migration, tomography, and NMO corrections that require traveltimes of direct arrivals on a uniform grid.

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