Transmission distortions are observed on prestack seismic data at two locations in the Gulf of Mexico. These distortions produce anomalous amplitude versus offset (AVO) signatures. The locations of the distortion zones are determined using acquisition geometry and ray tracing. No obvious reflection events, such as shallow gas zones, are observed at the predicted locations of the distortion zones. Instead, the distortion zones correlate with buried faults and unconformities. It is postulated that the distortions are produced by velocity changes across buried faults and unconformities. The distortions result from an interference pattern resulting from seismic waves arriving from different sides of the faults. A simple model is developed to explain many of the characteristics of the distortion pattern.

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