Abstract

The source and receiver boreholes in crosshole seismology are usually considered unimportant except for their effects on body wave radiation and reception patterns. We present counter examples by analyzing a real crosswell data set from Buckhorn, Illinois, using computer simulations. The algorithm used is a combination of the boundary element method (for the source borehole) and the borehole coupling theory (for the receiver borehole) in transversely isotropic media. We find that most of the strong events in the data are inexplicable unless both boreholes are included in the modeling. The importance of the boreholes stems from the local geology which consists of highly contrasted sedimentary rocks. At a high-contrast interface, wave conversion is no longer a negligible secondary effect. In fact, converted waves can be stronger than the primaries.

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