Abstract

A method for reconstructing the reflectivity spectrum using the minimum entropy criterion is presented. The algorithm (FMED) described is compared with the classical minimum entropy deconvolution (MED) as well as with the linear programming (LP) and autoregressive (AR) approaches. The MED is performed by maximizing an entropy norm with respect to the coefficients of a linear operator that deconvolves the seismic trace. By comparison, the approach presented here maximizes the norm with respect to the missing frequencies of the reflectivity series spectrum. This procedure reduces to a nonlinear algorithm that is able to carry out the deconvolution of band-limited data, avoiding the inherent limitations of linear operators.The proposed method is illustrated under a variety of synthetic examples. Field data are also used to test the algorithm. The results show that the proposed method is an effective way to process band-limited data.The FMED and the LP arise from similar conceptions. Both methods seek an extremum of a particular norm subjected to frequency constraints. In the LP approach, the linear programming problem is solved using an adaptation of the simplex method, which is a very expensive procedure. The FMED uses only two fast Fourier transforms (FFTs) per iteration; hence, the computational cost of the inversion is reduced.

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