Abstract

The elastic properties of layered rocks are often measured using the pulse through-transmission technique on sets of cylindrical cores cut at angles of 0, 90, and 45 degrees to the layering normal (e.g., Vernik and Nur, 1992; Lo et al., 1986; Jones and Wang, 1981). In this method transducers are attached to the flat ends of the three cores (see Figure 1), the first-break traveltimes of P, SV, and SH-waves down the axes are measured, and a set of transversely isotropic elastic constants are fit to the results. The usual assumption is that frequency dispersion, boundary reflections, and near-field effects can all be safely ignored, and that the traveltimes measure either vertical anisotropic group velocity (if the transducers are very small compared to their separation) or phase velocity (if the transducers are relatively wide compared to their separation) (Auld, 1973).

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