Abstract

Inconsistencies in fault positioning between overlapping 3-D seismic surveys over the northwestern part of the Endicott Field highlighted lateral positioning errors of the order of 1000 ft (330 m) in the seismic images. This large uncertainty in fault positioning placed a high and often unacceptable risk on the placement of wells. To quantify and correct for the seismic positioning error, 3-D velocity models were developed for ray-trace modeling. The lateral positioning error maps produced revealed significant variation in the mispositioning within the Endicott Field that were mainly caused by lateral variations in permafrost thickness. These maps have been used to correct the positions of mapped features and have enabled several wells to be successfully placed close to major faults. Prior to this analysis, these wells were considered too risky to place optimally. The seismic data were 3-D poststack depth migrated with the final velocity model, producing a repositioned image that was consistent with the ray-trace predictions. Additionally, a general enhancement of data imaging improved the interpretability and enabled the remapping and subsequent successful development of the peripheral Sag Delta North accumulation.

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