Abstract

The decrease of density contrast in sedimentary basins can often be approximated by an exponential function. Theoretical Fourier transforms are derived for symmetric trapezoidal, vertical fault, vertical prism, syncline, and anticline models. This is desirable because there are no equivalent closed form solutions in the space domain for these models combined with an exponential density contrast. These transforms exhibit characteristic minima, maxima, and zero values, and hence graphical methods have been developed for interpretation of model parameters. After applying end corrections to improve the discrete transforms of observed gravity data, the transforms are interpreted for model parameters. This method is first tested on two synthetic models, then applied to gravity anomalies over the San Jacinto graben and Los Angeles basin.

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