ABSTRACT

The moveout approximations are commonly used in seismic data processing such as velocity analysis, modeling, and time migration. The anisotropic effect is very obvious for a converted wave when estimating the physical and processing parameters from the real data. To approximate the traveltime in an elastic orthorhombic (ORT) medium, we defined an explicit rational-form approximation for the traveltime of the converted PS1-, PS2-, and S1S2-waves. To obtain the expression of the coefficients, the Taylor-series approximation is applied in the corresponding vertical slowness for three pure-wave modes. By using the effective model parameters for P-, S1-, and S2-waves, the coefficients in the converted-wave traveltime approximation can be represented by the anisotropy parameters defined in the elastic ORT model. The accuracy in the converted-wave traveltime for three ORT models is illustrated in numerical examples. One can see from the results that, for converted PS1- and PS2-waves, our rational-form approximation is very accurate regardless of the tested ORT model. For a converted S1S2-wave, due to the existence of cusps, triplications, and shear singularities, the error is relatively larger compared with PS-waves.

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