Abstract

Reflection tomography is an inversion method that adjusts a velocity and reflector depth model to be consistent with the prestack time data. This tomography approach minimizes the misfit of the data and model in the premigrated domain. Generally, the data are represented by the traveltimes of reflection events, which has made the technique problematic and unpopular.Techniques generally known as 'migration velocity analysis' have a similar objective but use the postmigrated domain. For a variety of practical reasons, this postmigrated domain has advantages over the premigrated domain. With slight modifications, the reflec-tion tomography approach can be implemented in the postmigrated domain. In this domain, a model is determined by optimizing the consistency of imaged reflection events on what has been called a common reflection point (CRP) gather.Extending reflection tomography to the postmigrated domain allows much of the knowledge developed for migration velocity analysis to be coupled with that of reflection tomography. As a result, many of the practical techniques developed for migration velocity analysis can be used to improve the robustness and efficiency of reflection tomography. Similarly, much of the reflection tomography work done on analysis and solution of the linear system can be applied to postmigrated domain optimization.

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