Direct inversion of potential-field data is hindered by the nonuniqueness of the general solution. Convergence to a single solution can only be obtained when external constraints are placed on the subsurface geometry. Two such constrained geometries are dealt with here: a single, nonplanar interface between two layers, each of uniform density or magnetization, and the distribution of the density or magnetization contrast within a single layer. Both of these simple geometries have geologic application. Inversion is accomplished by iterative improvement in an initial subsurface model in the wavenumber domain. The inversion process is stable and is efficient for usage on large data sets. Forward calculation of anomalies is by Parker's (1973) algorithm (Blakely, 1981).

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