Abstract

The correlation factors between successive least-squares residual (or regional) gravity anomalies from a buried sphere, a two-dimensional (2-D) horizontal cylinder, and a vertical cylinder and the first horizontal derivative of the gravity from a 2-D thin faulted layer are computed. Correlation values are used to determine the depth to the center of the buried structure, and the radius of the sphere or the cylinder and the thickness of the fault are estimated. The method can be applied not only to residuals but also to the Bouguer-anomaly profile consisting of the combined effect of a residual component due to a purely local structure and a regional component represented by a polynomial of any order. The method is easy to apply and may be automated if desired. It can also be applied to the derivative anomalies of the gravity field. The validity of the method is tested on two field examples from the United States and Denmark.

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