Abstract

Experimental seismic reflection profiling was employed for groundwater studies in southeastern Australia. Equipment consisted of a simple engineering seismograph and tape recorder, and data reduction was carried out on a minicomputer using a graphics-based processing system specifically written for the project.The investigation area is the site of a proposed induced groundwater recharge scheme in which surface water would be diverted to infiltrate aquifers outcropping several kilometers from a bore field which supplies up to half of the drinking water for the city of Geelong. The unconsolidated Tertiary aquifers of the region are known to be interrupted in places by steep normal and reverse faults. Since similar faulting had been inferred along the proposed recharge avenue, the objective of the seismic study was to verify, if possible, the assumption of aquifer continuity along the survey line.The reflection results reveal monoclinal folding in the upper unconsolidated sediments produced by recent movement on bedrock faults. The seismic study confirms that the aquifers are continuous between the proposed recharge and extraction areas despite structural complexity along the recharge avenue.

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