Abstract

The many techniques that have been developed to remove multiple reflections from seismic data all leave remnant energy which can cause ambiguity in interpretation. The removal methods are mostly based on periodicity (e.g., Sinton et al., 1978) or the moveout difference between primary and multiple events (e.g., Schneider et al., 1965). They work on synthetic and selected field data sets but are rather unsatisfactory when applied to high-amplitude, long-period multiples in marine seismic reflection data acquired in moderately deep (700 m to 3 km) water. Differential moveout is often better than periodicity at discriminating between types of events because, while a multiple series may look periodic to the eye, it is only exactly so on zero-offset reflections from horizontal layers. The technique of seismic event labeling described below works by returning offset information from CDP gathers to a stacked section by color coding, thereby discriminating between seismic reflection events by differential normal moveout. Events appear as a superposition of colors; the direction of color fringes indicates whether an event has been overcorrected or undercorrected for its hyperbolic normal moveout.

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