Abstract

The model proposed describes the radiation of the primary seismic pulse from an explosive source. The model incorporates a viscous Voigt liquid in description of the nonelastic rock deformation that the explosion causes. The problem is solved in the frequency domain, followed by Fourier synthesis to obtain waveforms. Comparisons of the theoretical results with field data in three sedimentary environments of shale, sandstone, and marl indicate good quantitative agreements in shape and duration of transient pulses.Values of angular normal stress obtained at the deformed boundary suggest a dynamic tensile strength of rocks that decreased with duration of the tensile stress transient. The radius of the deformed zone (B) scales with the charge size Q approximately as Q n where n is 1/2 or larger.

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