Three different improvements in the galvanic method of shallow-depth electrical prospecting need to be made. (1) A better definition of the electrode array(s) is needed in order to reduce the 'apparent anisotropy' effect and increase the depth of investigation; the square array is one solution. (2) A resistivity meter that can make measurements very rapidly needs to be built. The rapid decrease of the induced electric field for small electrode distances makes such measurements possible. We propose a resistivity meter with an 8 ms measurement time. (3) The electrode-ground contact problem needs to be solved by using a resistivity meter that can endure high contact resistances. As an alternative solution, we also propose a new type of electrode: a liquid jet one. These improvements could make the resistivity method very attractive and competitive, and open large future developments for the method.

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