When the current in a grounded wire is terminated abruptly, currents immediately flow in the Earth to preserve the magnetic field. Initially the current is concentrated near the wire, with a broad zone of return currents below. The electric field maximum broadens and moves downward with time. Currents are channeled into a conductive three-dimensional body, resulting in anomalous magnetic fields. At early times, when the return currents are channeled into the body, the vertical magnetic field is less than the half-space field on the far side of the body but is greater than the half-space field between the source and the body. Later the current in the body reverses; the vertical field is enhanced on the far side of the body and decreased between the source and the body. The horizontal magnetic field has a well-defined maximum directly over the body at late times, and is a better indicator of the position of the body.The vertical magnetic field and its time derivative change sign with time at receiver locations near the source if a three-dimensional body is present. These sign reversals present serious problems for one-dimensional inversion, because decay curves for a layered earth do not change sign. At positions away from the source, the decay curves exhibit no sign reversals--only decreases and enhancements relative to one-dimensional decay curves. In such cases one-dimensional inversions may provide useful information, but they are likely to result in fictitious layers and erroneous interpretations.

This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.

First Page Preview

First page PDF preview
You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.