Abstract

Development of a relatively straightforward approach to interpretation of electromagnetic survey data when the earth in the vicinity of the survey has a complex geoelectric structure will be necessary before such methods can assume their full role in geophysical exploration. One-dimensional interpretation methods have been well developed to extract the resistivity-depth profile from a transient electromagnetic (TEM) sounding when the earth is assumed to be simply layered. Extension of the same methods to more complicated earth structures is difficult because of the tedious calculations involved when three-dimensional earth structures are examined. An alternate approach could be use of the information contained in the spatial spectra of a set of sounding measurements. In such an approach, it should be possible to obtain a clearer concept of the geoelectric structure by analytic continuation of the electromagnetic field in space, or by heuristic filtering of the field, as is done in various potential field methods in geophysics. To try this concept, a filtering technique developed for treating magnetic data was applied to a set of TEM data acquired in the Snake River plain of Idaho. The results are reasonable, but insufficient control information is available to prove their significance. The effort has demonstrated that such a filtering approach can be done quickly, but it places demands on how the field data are sampled in the space domain.

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