Equations have been developed that relate induced polarization (IP) in shaly sands to measurable petrophysical parameters. The induced-polarization process has been modeled in terms of two mechanisms: clay counterion displacement and membrane blockage. The resulting equations can be used to determine shaliness, brine conductivity, and oil saturation from in-phase and out-of-phase conductivities. Laboratory measurements have confirmed the IP dependence on these variables, as well as on temperature.

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