Abstract

The eddy currents induced in a thin confined conductor by a fixed-loop time-domain EM system can be represented by a single equivalent current filament. The equivalent current filament stays in the plane of the conductor at all times during the decay of the secondary field, but tends to migrate from a position of maximum primary field coupling at early time toward the center of the conductor at late time.This filament approximation is used in the design of a least-squares inversion procedure which fits circular or rectangular current filaments to an observed eddy current distribution. The inversion procedure provides a rapid but precise means of estimating the position, size, and attitude of a conductor which has been detected by a time-domain EM survey.

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