Abstract

Because of fundamental wavenumber limitations in the estimation of residual statics by prestack surface consistent methods, unresolved static errors will persist through processing to the stack data, particularly in the crossline direction. The present method involves an analysis of poststack 3-D data through the creation of a correlation time surface from crosscorrelations of adjacent stack data traces. This time surface is decomposed in the wavenumber domain to isolate and correct some of the spectral components of residual static errors which are beyond the resolution of prestack approaches. Assumptions are implicit within the method regarding the expected 2-D wavenumber nature of the wave field response of true geologic structure. The method is proposed as an additional procedure to the standard 3-D processing sequence for land data.--Modified journal abstract.

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