A comparison of common-midpoint (CMP), single-shot, and plane-wave migration was made for simple two-dimensional structures such as a syncline and a horizontal reflector with a laterally variable reflection coefficient by using synthetic seismograms. The seismograms were calculated employing the finite-difference technique. CMP sections were simulated by 18-fold stacking and plane-wave sections by slant stacking. By applying a finite-difference scheme, the synthetic wave field was continued downward. The usual imaging condition of CMP migration was extended in order to carry out migration of single-shot and plane-wave sections. The reflection coefficient was reconstructed by comparing the migrated wave field with the incident wave field at the reflector.The results are:(1) all three migration techniques succeeded in reconstructing the reflector position;(2) as a consequence of the finite aperture of the geophone spread, only segments of the reflector could be reconstructed by single-shot and plane-wave migration;(3) for single-shot and plane-wave migration the reflection coefficient could be obtained; and(4) CMP migration may lead to incorrect conclusions regarding the reflection coefficient.

This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.

First Page Preview

First page PDF preview
You do not currently have access to this article.