Abstract

Gravity measurements were made in two gold mine shafts sunk in the Archean Yellowknife greenstone belt to determine the in-situ densities of basic volcanic rocks of the Kam formation, Yellowknife supergroup. Thirteen stations were occupied between the surface and a depth of 608 m at an average interval of about 50 m in the C shaft of Giant Yellowknife Mines Limited, and 14 stations were occupied between the surface and a depth of 1598 m at an average interval of about 120 m in the Robertson shaft of Con mine, Cominco Limited. Densities were computed using the terminology of borehole gravimetry with appropriate corrections for surface terrain and underground voids such as shafts, drifts, and stopes.Weighted mean in-situ densities of 2.79 g/cm 3 (36 to 608 m depth) and 2.81 g/cm 3 (surface to 1598 m depth) were obtained from the gravity measurements for the Giant and Robertson sections, respectively; these values compare with mean densities of 2.82 and 2.93 g/cm 3 obtained from rock samples collected at the underground gravity stations. Sheared specimens and massive specimens collected at both underground and surface gravity stations have mean densities of 2.80 and 2.95 g/cm 3 , respectively. Unaltered surface samples collected at stratigraphic intervals of about 150 m throughout the entire volcanic sequence have a mean density of 2.96 g/cm 3 . Core samples obtained from holes drilled from the bottom of C shaft extend the vertical density profile for the Giant section from a depth of 608 to 1416 m; the mean density of these samples is 2.88 g/cm 3 .The lower bulk densities obtained from the mine shaft experiments reflect in part the high proportion of sheared rocks and in part the presence of lower-density members of the Kam formation (andesite, dacite, tuff, breccia, and agglomerate) in the vicinity of the shafts, as opposed to purely massive basaltic rocks. A density of 2.90 g/cm 3 based on the proportion of low- and high-density rocks in the volcanic belt is considered to be more representative of the Kam formation as a whole.

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