Abstract

The Magnetometric Resistivity (MMR) method is based on the measurement of the low-level, low-frequency magnetic fields associated with noninductive current flow in the ground. A component of the magnetic field is measured in the vicinity of one or more grounded electrodes. Recently, the method was tested successfully in the field.The present paper presents the theoretical basis of the method in a unified format. Part of the material is derived from valuable published papers which are difficult to obtain. The remainder of the paper contains original unpublished theoretical results.It is shown that a horizontally layered earth yields no MMR anomaly. The characteristic anomalies for an anisotropic earth, vertical and dipping contacts, thin and thick dikes, and semicylindrical and hemispherical depressions, as well as alpha media are presented in detail.There are two factors which influence the MMR anomaly; geometry and conductivity contrast. For many models, it is possible to separate these two effects. Type curves are presented for very large conductivity contrasts to illustrate the effect of geometry only. Ancillary curves enable finite conductivity contrasts to be deduced from field data.

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