In-line arrays for both source and receiver have been implemented for marine seismic reflection data acquisition. The in-line array dimensions (variable within limits) are considerably greater than any previously used system of which we are aware. The arrays were designed to attenuate extremely strong sea-bottom multiples during the data acquisition phase.The source comprise 25 airguns arranged in five identical in-line subarrays. Each subarray produced a signal of better than 6 barmeters acoustic intensity with a primary-to-bubble ratio of approximately 4.4 from guns totaling 297 cu in. When this source was delivered in 1973, it constituted the most powerful production airgun source for which we had seen calibration measurements.Receiver arrays were implemented by a 'weighting-mixing' box (which formed part of the DFS IV instrument), the input to which comprised 53 channels of data each from a 50 m live section in the streamer cable.Processing techniques which are complementary to the field procedures have been developed.Comparisons with 'conventional' data (and such data processed to simulate field arrays) show significant improvements in 'data quality' from the new field techniques, that is, the new data are easier to interpret geologically because interfering multiples have been attenuated relative to desired energy. Whilst the large outgoing signal amplitude will have made some contribution to the data quality, the major improvement is believed to result from the use of arrays in the recording phase.This system, first used for production in August 1973, was subsequently used successfully during recording of 17,000 km of offshore seismic data from Eastern Canada, the North Sea, and the Mediterranean.